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Constitution Day 2012

  • Street: Bangkok
  • City: Bangkok
  • Country: Thailand
  • Zip/Postal Code: 10110
  • BTS MRT: No Station
  • Bangkok Region: Bangkok
  • Telephone: Unknown
  • Date: 10 December, 2012
  • Public: Open Public
  • Listed: December 1, 2012 09:22
  • Expires: This ad has expired

Description

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand is the supreme law of Thailand. Since the change from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional democracy in 1932, Thailand has had 17 charters and constitutions, reflecting the high degree of political instability and frequency of military coups faced by the nation. After successful coups, military regimes abrogated existing constitutions and promulgated new ones.

All of Thailand’s charters and constitutions have allowed a constitutional monarchy, but with widely differing balances of power between the branches of government. Most of them have stipulated parliamentary systems. However, several of them also called for dictatorships, e.g., the 1957 Charter. Both unicameral and bicameral parliaments have been used, and members of parliament have been both elected and appointed. The direct powers of the monarch have also varied considerably.

Thailand’s current constitution was promulgated in 2007, replacing an interim constitution promulgated in 2006 after an army-led coup. The 2007 Constitution was written by a junta-appointed group of drafters, but was approved by a public referendum. Prior to the referendum, the junta passed a law making it illegal to publicly criticize the draft.[1] Controversial features in the constitution included a partly appointed Senate and amnesty for the leaders of the 2006 coup.

The 1997 Constitution, often called the “People’s Constitution,” was considered a landmark in terms of the degree of public participation involved in its drafting as well as the democratic nature of its articles. It stipulated a bicameral legislature, both houses of which were elected. Many human rights were explicitly acknowledged for the first time, and measures were established to increase the stability of elected governments.

   

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